China factory Professional Drive Shaft Cardan Shaft with High Performance for Rolling Mill Drive Line

Product Description

Product Details
A coupling is a mechanical component that is used to firmly connect the driving shaft and driven shaft in different mechanisms together, rotate together, and transmit motion and torque. It is also sometimes used to connect shafts and other parts (e.g. gears, pulleys, etc.). It usually consists of 2 parts, which are connected by a key or clamping fit, respectively, and fastened at the 2 shaft ends. Couplings can compensate for deviations (including axial, radial, angular or combined offset) between 2 shafts due to inaccurate manufacturing and installation, deformation or thermal expansion during operation, as well as shock and vibration absorption. The most commonly used couplings have been standardized or normalized. In general, it is only necessary to select the type of coupling correctly and determine the type and size of the coupling. If necessary, check and calculate the carrying capacity of the vulnerable and weak links; When the rotational speed is high, it is necessary to check the centrifugal force on the outer edge and the deformation of the elastic element for balance detection.
Couplings are used to connect shafts in different mechanisms, mainly by rotation, thus transferring torque. Under the action of high-speed power, the coupling has the function of buffering and damping, and the coupling has good service life and working efficiency.

The function of the coupling:

a device that connects 2 shafts or shafts with rotating parts and rotates together in the process of transmitting motion and power and does not break away under normal circumstances. Sometimes, it is also used as a safety device to prevent the connected parts from bearing excessive loads and play the role of overload protection. The coupling is installed between the active side and the passive side of the power transmission, which plays the role of transferring torque, compensating the installation deviation between shafts, absorbing equipment vibration and buffering load impact. One of the functions of couplings is to absorb and compensate for deviations between shafts through their own deformation. The greater the elasticity, the stronger the ability to absorb the deviation; The less flexibility you have, the less ability you have to absorb deviations. In general, the deviation between the shaft and the shaft can be divided into the following 3 aspects: The connection between the coupling and the peripheral equipment is achieved by inserting the shaft of the device into the shaft hole of the coupling.
1. The role of the coupling is to connect the 2 shafts in different mechanisms (drive shaft and driven shaft) to rotate and transmit torque together, and some couplings also have the role of buffering, damping and improving the dynamic performance of the shafting.
2. Eliminate the inertia of the radial force, connect the motor spindle with the load, and use a coupling to weaken the starting power when the motor starts.
3. Power conduction, transmission of power and torque (improve the performance of the transmission system)
4. Different degrees of vibration reduction and buffering
5. Disconnect when the load is too large to play a protective role
6. Good for maintenance
7. Change the drive direction
8. Concentricity correction (different degrees of axial, radial and angular compensation performance)

The types of couplings

Bellows coupling
The bellows coupling is composed of 2 hubs and thin-walled bellows that are welded or bonded together. The input end of the coupling structure is a clamping structure, and the pre-tightening force is generated by clamping screws, and the power input shaft is firmly connected with the clamping hoop. Flexible and rigid stainless steel bellows have the ability to correct radial, axial and angular deviations, transmit torque with zero backlash, and have different bushings designed to meet different equipment requirements.

A plum coupling
Plum coupling is a widely used coupling, elastomer is a balance accessory, can zero back backlash transfer torque and shock absorption. The different types of elastomers determine the characteristics of the entire drive system. Zero back backlash is achieved through a pre-pressure between the 2 coupling bushing and the elastomer. Its elastomer is usually composed of engineering plastics or rubber. Because elastomers have the function of buffering and reducing vibration, they are widely used in the case of strong vibration.

Safety coupling
The safety coupling mainly relies on the spring force and works with the shape, which can protect the adjacent drive components from damage caused by overload. Divided into synchronous type, stepping type 60°, failure protection type, closed. Features of a special butterfly spring system. No torque transfer is possible until the torque control nut is linked to the butterfly spring to apply pressure. The service life of the safety coupling is largely determined by the speed at which the coupling is disengaged and the holding time of the coupling. The safety coupling is not worn when it is engaged, does not require maintenance, and does not require additional refueling.

Rigid coupling
The rigid coupling is actually a torsional rigid coupling. Even under load, there is no turning clearance. Even if there is a deviation that creates a load, the rigid coupling is still rigid to transmit torque. Rigid couplings need to be used to connect 2 shafts in strict alignment without relative misalignment, so they are used less in motor test systems. Of course, if the relative displacement can be successfully controlled (the alignment accuracy is high enough), rigid coupling can also play an excellent role in the application. In particular, the small size rigid coupling has the advantages of light weight, ultra-low inertia and high sensitivity. In practical applications, rigid couplings have the advantages of maintenance-free, ultra-oil resistance and corrosion resistance.

Long shaft coupling
The standard length of the long-shaft coupling is up to 6 meters, and no intermediate support is required. The 2 ends are connected by high-performance stainless steel or high-strength aluminum, and the middle pipe is made of different materials such as steel, aluminum or carbon fiber. The allowable deviation range, speed and torque of the standard model should be reduced by 30%. The allowable working speed depends on the total length of the joint shaft and can also be adjusted according to demand.

Diaphragm coupling
Diaphragm couplings transfer torque by friction and diaphragm assembly, so there are no stress concentrations, backbacklash and micro-displacement that occur when torque is transferred through shoulder bolts. It has a near unlimited service life and increases the torsional rigidity of the individual components of the complete coupling, which can compensate for a variety of combined shaft assembly errors as a percentage of the total allowable error value listed in the data sheet. The sum of the percentages of the 3 errors cannot exceed 100%.



Product Description

As a professional manufacturer for propeller shaft, we have +1000 items for all kinds of car, At present, our products are mainly sold in North America, Europe, Australia, South Korea, the Middle East and Southeast Asia and other regions, applicable models are European cars, American cars, Japanese and Korean cars, etc. /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Standard Or Nonstandard: Standard
Torque: >80N.M
Bore Diameter: According to Specific Drawings


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What maintenance practices are essential for prolonging the lifespan of driveline components?

Implementing proper maintenance practices is crucial for ensuring the longevity and optimal performance of driveline components. Regular maintenance helps identify potential issues, prevent major failures, and prolong the lifespan of driveline components. Here are some essential maintenance practices for prolonging the lifespan of driveline components:

1. Regular Inspections:

Performing regular visual inspections of driveline components is essential for detecting any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Inspect the driveline components, including driveshafts, universal joints, CV joints, differentials, and transmission components, for any cracks, leaks, excessive play, or unusual noise. Identifying and addressing issues early can prevent further damage and potential driveline failure.

2. Lubrication:

Proper lubrication of driveline components is crucial for minimizing friction, reducing wear, and ensuring smooth operation. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for lubrication intervals and use the appropriate type and grade of lubricant. Regularly check and maintain the lubrication levels in components such as bearings, gears, and joints to prevent excessive heat buildup and premature wear.

3. Fluid Changes:

Fluids play a vital role in driveline component performance and longevity. Regularly change fluids, such as transmission fluid, differential oil, and transfer case fluid, according to the manufacturer’s recommended intervals. Over time, these fluids can become contaminated or break down, leading to compromised performance and increased wear. Fresh fluids help maintain proper lubrication, cooling, and protection of driveline components.

4. Alignment and Balancing:

Proper alignment and balancing of driveline components are essential for minimizing vibration, reducing stress, and preventing premature wear. Periodically check and adjust the alignment of driveshafts, ensuring they are properly aligned with the transmission and differential. Additionally, balance rotating components, such as driveshafts or flywheels, to minimize vibrations and prevent excessive stress on driveline components.

5. Torque Check:

Regularly check and ensure that all driveline components are properly torqued according to the manufacturer’s specifications. Over time, fasteners can loosen due to vibrations or thermal expansion and contraction. Loose fasteners can lead to misalignment, excessive play, or even component failure. Regular torque checks help maintain the integrity and performance of the driveline system.

6. Maintenance of Supporting Systems:

Driveline components rely on the proper functioning of supporting systems, such as cooling systems and electrical systems. Ensure that cooling systems are functioning correctly, as overheating can cause driveline components to degrade or fail. Additionally, regularly inspect electrical connections, wiring harnesses, and sensors to ensure proper communication and operation of driveline components.

7. Proper Driving Techniques:

The way a vehicle is driven can significantly impact the lifespan of driveline components. Avoid aggressive driving, sudden acceleration, and excessive braking, as these actions can put undue stress on the driveline components. Smooth and gradual acceleration, proper shifting techniques, and avoiding excessive load or towing capacities help minimize wear and prolong component life.

8. Service and Maintenance Records:

Maintain comprehensive service and maintenance records for the driveline components. Keep track of all maintenance tasks, repairs, fluid changes, and inspections performed. These records help ensure that maintenance tasks are performed on time, provide a history of component performance, and assist in diagnosing any recurring issues or patterns.

By following these maintenance practices, vehicle owners can prolong the lifespan of driveline components, minimize the risk of failures, and ensure optimal performance and reliability of the driveline system.

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How do drivelines handle variations in speed and direction during operation?

Drivelines are designed to handle variations in speed and direction during operation, enabling the efficient transfer of power from the engine to the wheels. They employ various components and mechanisms to accommodate these variations and ensure smooth and reliable power transmission. Let’s explore how drivelines handle speed and direction variations:

1. Transmissions:

Transmissions play a crucial role in managing speed variations in drivelines. They allow for the selection of different gear ratios to match the engine’s torque and speed with the desired vehicle speed. By shifting gears, the transmission adjusts the rotational speed and torque delivered to the driveline, enabling the vehicle to operate effectively at various speeds. Transmissions can be manual, automatic, or continuously variable, each with its own mechanism for achieving speed variation control.

2. Clutches:

Clutches are used in drivelines to engage or disengage power transmission between the engine and the driveline components. They allow for smooth engagement during startup and shifting gears, as well as for disconnecting the driveline when the vehicle is stationary or the engine is idling. Clutches facilitate the control of speed variations by providing a means to temporarily interrupt power flow and smoothly transfer torque between rotating components.

3. Differential:

The differential is a key component in drivelines, particularly in vehicles with multiple driven wheels. It allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds while maintaining power transfer. When a vehicle turns, the inside and outside wheels travel different distances and need to rotate at different speeds. The differential allows for this speed variation by distributing torque between the wheels, ensuring smooth operation and preventing tire scrubbing or driveline binding.

4. Universal Joints and CV Joints:

Universal joints and constant velocity (CV) joints are used in drivelines to accommodate variations in direction. Universal joints are typically employed in drivelines with a driveshaft, allowing for the transmission of rotational motion even when there is an angular misalignment between the driving and driven components. CV joints, on the other hand, are used in drivelines that require constant velocity and smooth power transfer at varying angles, such as front-wheel drive vehicles. These joints allow for a consistent transfer of torque while accommodating changes in direction.

5. Transfer Cases:

In drivelines with multiple axles or drivetrains, transfer cases are used to distribute power and torque to different wheels or axles. Transfer cases are commonly found in four-wheel drive or all-wheel drive systems. They allow for variations in speed and direction by proportionally distributing torque between the front and rear wheels, or between different axles, based on the traction requirements of the vehicle.

6. Electronic Control Systems:

Modern drivelines often incorporate electronic control systems to further enhance speed and direction control. These systems utilize sensors, actuators, and computer algorithms to monitor and adjust power distribution, shift points, and torque delivery based on various inputs, such as vehicle speed, throttle position, wheel slip, and road conditions. Electronic control systems enable precise and dynamic management of speed and direction variations, improving traction, fuel efficiency, and overall driveline performance.

By integrating transmissions, clutches, differentials, universal joints, CV joints, transfer cases, and electronic control systems, drivelines effectively handle variations in speed and direction during operation. These components and mechanisms work together to ensure smooth power transmission, optimized performance, and enhanced vehicle control in a wide range of driving conditions and applications.

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How do drivelines contribute to power transmission and motion in various applications?

Drivelines play a crucial role in power transmission and motion in various applications, including automotive vehicles, agricultural machinery, construction equipment, and industrial systems. They are responsible for transmitting power from the engine or power source to the driven components, enabling motion and providing the necessary torque to perform specific tasks. Here’s a detailed explanation of how drivelines contribute to power transmission and motion in various applications:

1. Automotive Vehicles: In automotive vehicles, such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles, drivelines transmit power from the engine to the wheels, enabling motion and propulsion. The driveline consists of components such as the engine, transmission, drive shafts, differentials, and axles. The engine generates power by burning fuel, and this power is transferred to the transmission. The transmission selects the appropriate gear ratio and transfers power to the drive shafts. The drive shafts transmit the power to the differentials, which distribute it to the wheels. The wheels, in turn, convert the rotational power into linear motion, propelling the vehicle forward or backward.

2. Agricultural Machinery: Drivelines are extensively used in agricultural machinery, such as tractors, combines, and harvesters. These machines require power transmission to perform various tasks, including plowing, tilling, planting, and harvesting. The driveline in agricultural machinery typically consists of a power take-off (PTO) unit, drive shafts, gearboxes, and implement shafts. The PTO unit connects to the tractor’s engine and transfers power to the drive shafts. The drive shafts transmit power to the gearboxes, which further distribute it to the implement shafts. The implement shafts drive the specific agricultural implements, enabling them to perform their intended functions.

3. Construction Equipment: Drivelines are essential in construction equipment, such as excavators, loaders, bulldozers, and cranes. These machines require power transmission to perform tasks such as digging, lifting, pushing, and hauling. The driveline in construction equipment typically consists of an engine, transmission, drive shafts, hydraulic systems, and various gear mechanisms. The engine generates power, which is transferred to the transmission. The transmission, along with the hydraulic systems and gear mechanisms, converts and controls the power to drive the different components of the equipment, allowing them to perform their specific functions.

4. Industrial Systems: Drivelines are widely used in industrial systems and machinery, including conveyor systems, manufacturing equipment, and heavy-duty machinery. These applications require power transmission for material handling, processing, and production. The driveline in industrial systems often involves electric motors, gearboxes, drive shafts, couplings, and driven components. The electric motor provides rotational power, which is transmitted through the driveline components to drive the machinery or conveyors, facilitating the desired motion and power transmission within the industrial system.

5. Power Generation: Drivelines are also employed in power generation applications, such as generators and turbines. These systems require power transmission to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. The driveline in power generation often consists of a prime mover, such as an internal combustion engine or a steam turbine, connected to a generator. The driveline components, such as couplings, gearboxes, and drive shafts, transmit the rotational power from the prime mover to the generator, which converts it into electrical power.

6. Marine and Aerospace Applications: Drivelines are utilized in marine vessels and aerospace systems to facilitate propulsion and motion. In marine applications, drivelines transfer power from engines or turbines to propellers or water jets, enabling the vessel to move through the water. In aerospace applications, drivelines transmit power from engines to various components, such as rotors or propellers, providing the necessary thrust for flight.

In summary, drivelines are integral to power transmission and motion in a wide range of applications. They enable the transfer of power from the engine or power source to the driven components, allowing for the generation of torque and the performance of specific tasks. Drivelines play a vital role in automotive vehicles, agricultural machinery, construction equipment, industrial systems, power generation, and marine and aerospace applications, contributing to efficient power transmission, motion, and the overall functionality of these diverse systems.

China factory Professional Drive Shaft Cardan Shaft with High Performance for Rolling Mill Drive LineChina factory Professional Drive Shaft Cardan Shaft with High Performance for Rolling Mill Drive Line
editor by CX 2024-05-14